Products Bike Headlights | Front Bike Lights

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A bike headlight produces a focused beam of light to provide a clear field of vision to a rider in darkened conditions, for example in the presence of fog and haze or at night, while informing other road users of the presence of the bike. The headlight illuminates an adequate distance ahead of a bike so that the rider has sufficient time to visually identify and appropriately react to possible dangers ahead. The front bike light also serves to draw attention of oncoming vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians to the bike, and thus improve safety, by creating luminance capable of being seen and distinguished from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front. To put it succinctly, front bike lighting is about seeing and being seen. Bike headlights provide optimal visibility on the road by throwing a beam of light forward with a predetermined illuminance and light distribution, but without blinding oncoming motorists and cyclists.

LED technology sits at the very heart of today's bike headlights. The high efficiency of the LEDs in generating light from input electrical watts allows the headlight to significantly reduce the electrical current drain on the battery. A tremendously shrinked source size and the nature of directional emission enable high efficiency light extraction and tight control over the optical distribution. The spectral power distribution (SPD) of LEDs can be precisely engineered to create an optimum spectrum for the function of light (e.g. visual acuity, color rendition). With full range dimmability and the ability to ensure constant on/off switching, LEDs provide illumination that is highly controllable. The solid state nature of LEDs lends LED headlights much greater resistance to shock and vibration than conventional lighting. Bike headlights typically incorporate high power LEDs built on ceramic substrate, the CSP or the COB package platform. These LEDs are capable of produce a substantial volume of lumens from a small light emitting surface. A high efficiency thermal path and the absence of temperature-sensitive package materials give high power LEDs high drive current capability and excellent lumen maintenance.

Bike headlights are available in lumen packages ranging from 300 to 3,000 lumens at full output. The high power LEDs are mounted on a metal core PCB which includes a circuit layer for electrical connections and has low thermal resistance to transfer heat generated at the LED junction over a horizontal surface area to the heat sink. Luminous flux produced by the LEDs is regulated by a reflector that sits over the entire LED assembly or by an optical lens/reflector array that provides optical control directly from the source. Although dynamo systems have been used to power lights, the vast majority of LED bike headlights are battery powered systems. The combined use of high efficacy LEDs and high energy density batteries gave birth to products that have long run times and handy portability. Despite the need for additional protective circuitry to monitor and control battery operation, lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are often the battery of choice for rechargeable bike headlights due to their advantages over other battery chemistries including high energy density, high cell voltage, low self-discharge rate, fast charging rate, deep cycling capability and a long cycle life.

A battery-powered bike light includes driver and control circuitry that functions to regulate and control the current output provided to the LED load. In addition to providing a constant quantity of power to the LEDs, the circuitry may provide functionality of operating a headlight in different lighting modes to optimize energy use and enhance riding safety. Commonly offered lighting modes include step dimming (e.g., steady low, steady medium, steady high), flash, beacon, and S.O.S. Smart bike headlights provide automated lighting varying riding conditions. Light sensors, for example, may be used to operate the driver circuitry, thus automatically adjust the light intensity based on the ambient light exposure. A bike headlight may be paired with a GPS and automatically project the beam farther ahead or closer as a rider's speed changes. Multi-protection circuits are typically built into rechargeable bike headlights to providing over-current, over-charge, over-discharge and over-temperature protections. These headlights are USB rechargeable and equipped with battery capacity indicators.

The environmental conditions during operation are fundamental for the lifetime of bike headlights. All products must be designed to exclude water, moisture, and dust from entering the enclosure and protect the exposed metal parts against the damages of potentially corrosive outdoor environments. The minimum ingress protection (IP) rating of a bike headlight should be IP65. Chemical surface treatments are often applied on aluminum substrates of the LED heat sink to corrosion protection. The optical lens, if it is made of polycarbonate, must be UV stabilized to reduce the yellowing effect. Special care should be exercised in creating high reliability solder joints between the LED packages and the PCB as the headlights are often subject to prolonged, repeated vibration during operation.

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