Sincore

650W, 720W, 800W LED Growth Light for Cannabis Cultivation IP65 DLC

650W~800W 0-10V dimmable, intelligent LED growth lights for cannabis cultivation. DOB version available. Listed as follows are some of the other features:

● Ultra-thin design, greatly improves the planting space of plants, ensures that there is enough space for the cannabis to grow.
● The Light bar is available to disassemble, accessories can be shared, saving purchase cost, convenient maintenance. (The light bar can be directly disassembled and replaced without power off, reflecting the humanized design of the product.)
● Tool-free installation. The driver can be directly fixed on the light bar, save the installation time and labor cost.
● Intelligent control system, can control up to 100pcs lamps at the same time. Realize group control and group adjustment.
● Intelligent group controller, LCD display screen, friendly interface and convenient operation.
● 0-10V dimming, dimming option 20%/40%/60%/80%/100%/Power off. The light intensity can be adjusted for different plant growth periods.
● Compact small package design, save transportation charge. (Others: whole lamps in delivery, 400pcs @40HQ VS Sincore Lighting: at least 1100pcs @40HQ)
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Horticulture lighting refers to the use of electromagnetic radiation to stimulate various photoreceptors in plants, which in turn drive essential processes such as photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, photoperiodism, and phototropism. Photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, photoperiodism, and phototropism are all critical processes in plant biology influenced by light. Photosynthesis is the conversion of light energy into chemical energy, where plants synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water, primarily using blue and red wavelengths absorbed by chlorophyll. Beyond photosynthesis, light acts as a signal for plants, guiding long-term developmental changes and short-term responses to their environment. Photomorphogenesis involves the growth and development of plants in response to light signals, with specific wavelengths triggering changes in plant structure, such as red light affecting seed germination and flowering, and blue light influencing leaf expansion and phototropism, the directional growth of plants towards light to optimize photosynthesis. Photoperiodism is the plant's response to the length of day and night, crucial for timing flowering and other seasonal behaviors, with long-day and short-day plants flowering based on day length. Collectively, these processes enable plants to adapt and thrive by efficiently utilizing light for energy, growth, and reproduction. By providing the right intensity and spectrum of light, either as a supplement to or replacement for sunlight, artificial horticulture lighting helps plants grow, develop, and yield optimally.

Plants use a sophisticated network of photoreceptors to efficiently capture light energy and drive essential biological processes. Photosynthetic photoreceptors, primarily chlorophylls and accessory pigments, play a crucial role in capturing light energy for photosynthesis. Chlorophylls, located in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts, are the main photoreceptors, with chlorophyll A being the primary pigment absorbing blue (430 nm) and red (680 nm) light, and chlorophyll B, an accessory pigment, absorbing blue (460 nm) and red (640 nm) light, enhancing the overall light absorption capacity by transferring energy to chlorophyll A. Additionally, carotenoids, including beta-carotene and lutein, absorb light in the 450 nm to 550 nm range that chlorophylls do not, contributing about 10% of the photosynthetically active light and providing photoprotection by dissipating excess energy as heat through the xanthophyll cycle, thereby protecting chlorophylls from damage. Non-photosynthetic photoreceptors, including phytochromes, cryptochromes, and phototropins, regulate plant growth and development in response to light rather than participating directly in photosynthesis. Phytochromes respond to red (660 nm) and far-red (735 nm) light, influencing processes like seed germination, stem elongation, leaf expansion, and flowering through their interconvertible forms, Pr and Pfr. Cryptochromes are sensitive to blue (450 nm) and UVA (350 nm) light, regulating circadian rhythms, flowering, pigment synthesis, and inhibiting hypocotyl elongation by affecting gene expression. Phototropins, responsive to blue and UVA light with absorption peaks at 350 nm and 450 nm, mediate responses such as stomatal opening, chloroplast movement, leaf flattening, and phototropism. Additionally, photoprotective pigments like flavonoids, anthocyanins, and lycopenes act as antioxidants, protecting plants from cellular damage caused by high-energy blue and ultraviolet light. When exposed to such radiation, plants increase the production of these pigments, shifting from primary to secondary metabolism to protect tissues and resulting in the vibrant colors of leaves and flowers.

The spectrum of light significantly influences both primary metabolic processes, such as the growth and development of leaves, stems, roots, and floral organs, and the production of secondary metabolites like flavonoids, terpenes, and cannabinoids. Photosynthetic pigments, including chlorophylls and carotenoids, absorb blue and red light most efficiently, though each plant species has specific light preferences and photoreceptors that span various wavelengths, affecting their anatomical, physiological, morphological, and biochemical properties. One key challenge in horticultural lighting is developing a light spectrum that optimally activates different photoreceptors to enhance all aspects of plant growth, including photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, photoperiodism, and phototropism. Red light (600–700 nm) is highly efficient for driving photosynthesis and influences several phytochrome-mediated processes such as germination, pigment formation, stem growth, flowering, circadian rhythm entrainment, and dormancy. It is crucial for carbohydrate synthesis, hormone activation, and improving phenolic compound concentrations, promoting faster and taller plant growth compared to blue light exposure. Blue light (400–500 nm) also contributes significantly to photosynthesis and triggers photoreceptors like phototropins and cryptochromes, regulating stomatal opening, chlorophyll concentration, lateral bud growth, root development, transition to flowering, enzyme synthesis, and leaf thickness. High blue light levels lead to compact, bushy growth with high dry matter content and efficient transpiration but can inhibit growth if overexposed. Green light (500–600 nm), once considered less important due to plant reflection, penetrates deeper into the plant canopy, aiding in photosynthetic carbon assimilation and biomass accumulation. It helps reduce free radical damage and is partially perceived by phototropins and cryptochrome, contributing to stomatal opening under certain conditions. Far red light (700–800 nm), absorbed by phytochromes, regulates circadian rhythms and shade avoidance, supporting quick biomass development and flower formation in conjunction with deep red light, influencing flowering based on day length perception. UV light, including UV-A (320–400 nm) and UV-B (280–320 nm), can inhibit chloroplast function and reduce photosynthetic rates if misapplied, causing photobleaching and leaf damage. However, in small doses, UV light increases plant stress tolerance and secondary metabolite production, leading to thicker leaves and stems and shorter internodes. UV-A stimulates cryptochromes, phototropins, and Zeitlupe/Adagio family members, while UV-B is captured by the UVR8 photoreceptor, enhancing plant defense mechanisms.

The individual sensitivities of plant photoreceptors to different wavelengths of light create opportunities for targeted manipulation of plant metabolic processes and biochemical signaling pathways using artificial light sources. Horticulture lighting aims to replicate the plant-friendly spectrum of sunlight, providing spectrums that are photosynthetically, photomorphogenically, and photoperiodically active to enhance plant growth, development, and yield. By precisely targeting various photoreceptors with specific wavelengths and applying the optimal light recipe at each growth stage, growers can induce desired photosynthetic responses and morphological changes in plants. Horticulture lighting systems serve multiple roles in plant growth. Supplemental lighting is used in greenhouses where natural sunlight is insufficient, especially during light-limiting conditions like winter months or cloudy weather. Supplemental lighting enhances photosynthesis, improving plant growth and quality. It can also extend shelf life and alter biochemical properties post-harvest. Photoperiodic lighting controls flowering times for short-day and long-day plants such as chrysanthemums, poinsettias, kalanchoes, gypsophilias, and carnations. By extending day length, photoperiodic lighting can induce early or out-of-season flowering, aligning with market demands. It is also used during seed germination to manipulate plant behavior. Sole-source lighting is employed in full-cycle cultivation environments like controlled facilities, vertical farms, growth chambers, and containers, where all light is artificially provided. The spectral composition of artificial light is balanced for optimal development across different growth stages, from seedling and germination to flowering, fruiting, and harvesting.

There are several types of horticulture lighting installations, each designed to optimize light distribution and plant growth under different conditions. Top lighting fixtures illuminates plants from ceiling level and is commonly used in greenhouses that benefit from natural sunlight while supplementing it with artificial light. Top lighting systems typically employ high ceiling mounting with wide-angle beam distribution to maximize upper-canopy photon capture and reduce the number of fixtures needed. However, they consume significant power to ensure sufficient photosynthetically active photons reach the plant canopies from a distance. Traditional light fixtures, such as high-pressure sodium (HPS) and metal halide (MH) lights, emit substantial thermal energy, raising plant temperatures and necessitating a minimum mounting distance above the plants. In vertical farming systems, racks of plants are stacked vertically, with lighting positioned close to the plants. Vertical farming relies on controlled environment agriculture (CEA) technology, allowing growers to cultivate high-density crops in a compact area. Since sunlight is unavailable, artificial light serves as the sole light source. Light fixtures for vertical farming must have a low profile and emit no infrared energy, as they are mounted directly above and near the crops. This setup allows for precise control over the light spectrum and intensity. Interlighting (intracanopy lighting) involves multi-directional, typically linear lighting solutions that provide photosynthetically active light along the sides or within the foliar canopy of greenhouse plants. By placing light sources between the plants and leaves, interlighting prevents mutual shading and encourages previously shaded leaves to photosynthesize. Similar to vertical farming, interlighting requires "cold" light sources to ensure safe plant growth, avoiding heat stress from the lights positioned close to the plants.

Electromagnetic radiation within the spectral range of 400 nm to 700 nm is termed photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), as it comprises wavelengths predominantly used by plants for photosynthesis. Plant grow lights are specifically designed to target this spectral range, although they may also provide additional electromagnetic radiation to activate photoreceptors with absorbance wavelengths outside the PAR region. The efficiency of a plant grow light is determined by its ability to convert electrical energy into PAR energy, and horticulture lighting systems are assessed based on their capacity to stimulate photosynthesis. Rather than using "luminous flux" to quantify light, the radiation flux of a grow light is converted into photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) in the PAR region. Evaluation of the interaction between radiation and plants focuses on the quantities of photosynthetically active photons that reach plant canopies. Key metrics in horticulture lighting include PPF, which measures the total amount of photons emitted by a light source in the PAR region; photon efficacy (PPF/W), which indicates the energy conversion efficiency of a lighting system; photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD), which measures the number of photosynthetically active photons falling on a square meter of the target area per second and is crucial for optimizing lighting deployment; and daily light integral (DLI), which quantifies the total number of photons absorbed by a plant over a 24-hour period and significantly affects plant growth and development. The ideal DLI varies widely between plant species, cultivation environments, and growth stages, highlighting the importance of tailored lighting strategies to achieve optimal plant outcomes.

Before the emergence of LED technology, high-intensity discharge (HID) and fluorescent lamps were commonly used for plant growth. HID lighting systems, including metal halide (MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps, utilize electric arcs between electrodes to generate light. HPS lamps were widely favored in greenhouse settings due to their relatively higher photon efficacy and spectrum suitability for flowering plants, providing essential red and orange wavelengths crucial for fruiting and flowering. Metal halide lamps, emphasizing the blue part of the spectrum, were preferred for vegetative growth and seedlings but were less effective for fruiting and flowering stages. Fluorescent lamps, while also gas-discharge lamps, lacked essential red emissions necessary for key plant processes, making them unsuitable for horticultural lighting. Conventional light sources, including HID and fluorescent lamps, suffered from electrical inefficiency and poor spectral power distribution (SPD), emitting substantial energy outside the photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) region, particularly in the green-yellow spectrum, contributing little to photosynthesis. Additionally, HID lamps produced significant infrared (IR) energy, requiring safe distances from plants to prevent thermal damage. This limitation hindered their application in intracanopy and multi-layer lighting setups, while increasing the distance in toplighting applications necessitated higher wattage lamps, escalating energy consumption and cooling requirements. The advent of LED technology has revolutionized horticultural lighting, offering spectral versatility to precisely target the active spectrum for any plant species or growth stage. LEDs operate with high spectral efficiency and wall plug efficiency, minimizing energy waste and operational costs. Their long lifespan, maintenance-free operation, and durability result in significant return on investment (ROI). Unlike HID lamps, LEDs do not produce infrared radiation, enabling close proximity mounting without thermal concerns. IR-free radiation facilitates innovative lighting implementations such as intracanopy and multi-layer setups, optimizing plant growth and productivity.

An LED operates by forward biasing the diode, causing electrons to combine with holes within the semiconductor junction. This junction, often referred to as the multiple quantum well (MQW) or active layer, is sandwiched between oppositely doped layers of indium gallium nitride (InGaN) or aluminum indium gallium phosphide (AlInGaP). The choice of substrate for epitaxial growth depends on the LED type, with InGaN LEDs typically grown on sapphire, silicon carbide (SiC), or silicon, while AlInGaP LEDs are grown on gallium arsenide (GaAs) or gallium phosphide (GaP) substrates. LEDs emit light in narrow spectral bands, with the wavelength or color determined by the band gap energy of the semiconductor materials forming the active layer. Different colors of LEDs are produced using specific semiconductor materials: InGaN for green, cyan, blue, and royal blue LEDs, while AlInGaP is used for longer wavelength light such as red, red-orange, and amber. Full spectrum LEDs can be created by coating InGaN blue LEDs with a phosphor mixture, which down-converts a portion of the short wavelengths into longer wavelengths. LED chips need to be packaged to form complete devices, incorporating electrical interfaces, thermal conduction paths, mechanical support, and environmental encapsulation. In horticulture lighting, multiple single-color LED packages are often combined to provide additive color mixing for a dynamic light spectrum. Achieving high performance and reliability in LED systems requires synergistic integration of thermal, electronic, mechanical, and optical components to unlock the full potential of the LEDs. Due to the reliability and long lifecycle advantages of LEDs, most failures in LED grow lights stem from poor system engineering rather than inherent flaws in the LEDs themselves. Effective thermal management is crucial for ensuring the longevity and consistent performance of LED systems. Thermal degradation poses a significant risk to LED lighting systems, as LEDs typically convert only around 40% of electrical power into light, with the remaining 60% being dissipated as heat. LED grow lights, especially high-power systems with dense arrays of LEDs, generate substantial amounts of waste heat that must be efficiently removed from the LED junction. Maintaining an optimal LED junction temperature is essential to prevent thermal droop, which can lead to reduced photon flux, color shift, phosphor degradation, and premature failure. To achieve this, thermal resistance along the thermal path must be minimized to facilitate efficient heat dissipation. Effective thermal management strategies involve the use of heat sinks, thermal interface materials, and proper airflow to draw heat away from the LEDs and dissipate it into the surrounding environment. By implementing robust thermal management techniques, LED systems can maintain stable performance over extended periods, ensuring reliability and maximizing the lifespan of the LEDs.

The LED driver serves as the central control unit for an LED grow light, playing a crucial role in ensuring system reliability and performance while enabling the integration of various advanced lighting control technologies. LEDs are unique in that they are current-driven devices, meaning they require a steady supply of direct current (DC) to operate efficiently. Each LED has a specific forward voltage range, typically falling between 1.5V and 4.5V. Below this range, no current will flow through the LED junction, rendering it inactive. Conversely, if the forward voltage exceeds the LED's maximum rating, it can lead to an overcurrent situation, causing overheating and subsequently degrading the LED's performance and shortening its lifespan. Given these characteristics, the fundamental role of an LED driver is to efficiently convert electrical power from the alternating current (AC) mains to a direct current (DC) load, ensuring that the output matches the electrical characteristics of the LEDs. This conversion process is essential for providing the LEDs with a stable and regulated power supply, optimizing their performance and longevity. Moreover, LED drivers must be designed to withstand high transient voltages and provide protective measures to safeguard LEDs from potential damage. This includes protection against reverse bias, which occurs when the voltage across the LED exceeds its rated value in the reverse direction, as well as protection against short-circuiting and overcurrent events. These protective features are crucial for ensuring the durability and reliability of the LED luminaire in various operating conditions.

The LED driver not only provides power to the LEDs but also acts as a platform for implementing advanced lighting control technologies in horticulture lighting systems. These advanced control technologies enable growers to fine-tune and optimize the lighting environment for plant growth, allowing for greater control over factors such as light spectrum, intensity, duration, and timing. One example of advanced lighting control technology is dimming capabilities, where the LED driver can adjust the light output of the LEDs to achieve desired light levels. This allows growers to mimic natural sunlight conditions or create specific lighting regimes tailored to different stages of plant growth. Another technology is spectral tuning, where the LED driver can adjust the spectral composition of the light emitted by the LEDs. By varying the ratios of different wavelengths (such as red, blue, and far-red), growers can manipulate plant physiology and promote specific growth responses, such as flowering or vegetative growth. Additionally, some LED drivers are equipped with programmable features that allow growers to create custom lighting schedules and sequences. This includes simulating sunrise and sunset transitions, implementing photoperiodic cycles for flowering induction, or even replicating seasonal changes in light quality and duration. Advanced LED drivers may incorporate connectivity options such as Wi-Fi or Bluetooth, enabling remote monitoring and control of the lighting system via mobile devices or computer interfaces. This facilitates real-time adjustments and data collection, allowing growers to closely monitor and optimize their horticultural lighting setups for maximum efficiency and plant health.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is anticipated to revolutionize horticulture lighting by enabling the integration of smart technologies into grow light systems. The integration of IoT technology with horticulture lighting systems empowers growers with real-time monitoring, data-driven insights, and enhanced control over light management processes. This convergence of LED lighting and IoT holds immense potential to revolutionize modern agriculture by enabling precision farming practices and maximizing crop productivity and quality. Intelligent horticulture lighting systems leverage IoT capabilities to introduce flexibility and automation into light management processes across various agricultural settings, including commercial greenhouses, vertical farms, and controlled environment agriculture (CEA) facilities. By integrating LED lighting with IoT, growers can implement location-based zone control, allowing for targeted adjustments to lighting parameters based on specific areas within the growing environment. For example, areas with different plant species or growth stages may require varying light intensities or spectra to optimize growth conditions. IoT-enabled horticulture lighting systems enable species-specific management of Daily Light Integral (DLI), which quantifies the total amount of photosynthetically active light received by plants over a 24-hour period. By tailoring DLI levels to the specific needs of different plant species, growers can ensure optimal growth and development. Additionally, spectrum optimization capabilities allow growers to adjust the spectral composition of the light emitted by LEDs to suit the requirements of different crops or growth stages, further enhancing growth outcomes.

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