are businesses that facilitate the convergence of the digital and physical worlds. They include developers, manufacturers and suppliers of IoT networking equipment, IoT devices
, embedded systems as well as software infrastructure providers, system integrators, application development companies, and device/connectivity management companies. The Internet of Things is a network of physical objects or devices that can communicate and interoperate through the IP (Internet Protocol) stack. The network architecture typically includes gateways
that acts as a protocol convertor and data router to provide a bridge between the IoT devices and the network server. Gateways are connected to the standard IP network with a network server which provides the computing power to process the enormous amounts of data generated from IoT devices. An IoT platform
orchestrates interactions between different layers of an IoT technology stack.