Arkos -  outdoor architectural lighting and monument lights
Daou Lighting

Arkos - outdoor architectural lighting and monument lights

Architectural LED floodlights are used to guide people in the orientation of a certain area and allow people to carry out actions in total safety in particular outdoor areas, such as access gates. With outdoor architectural LED floodlights and spotlights, people can highlight architectural details of monuments, capturing the attention of people.

Daou Lighting designs and manufactures Arkos series architectural floodlights with very compact dimensions and minimalist design that blend discretely into the architecture, with a high colour rendering index, capable of emphasizing architectural details, which can thus capture interest and convey emotions.

Round LED floodlight for outdoor architectural and facade lighting

1. Fluorocarbon painted die-cast aluminum body with tempered glass
2. Polycarbonate optical lenses
3. Protection rating IP66 for exterior applications

1. Ultra spot light distribution 2.5° available for long-throw illumination
2. Innovative 7-in-1 colour technology dynamic lighting
3. Well designed optical system for high visual comfort
4. Surface / pole / tree mounting for a wide variety of applications
5. Tunable White on request
6. DALI / 0-10V / RDM on request

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LED flood lights are versatile lighting fixtures that are designed to project a concentrated beam of light onto a targeted area, surface, or object. These lights are adjustable or aimable, meaning their direction can be modified to suit different lighting needs. In the context of both interior and exterior lighting, floodlighting plays a fundamental role. However, when we talk about "floodlighting luminaires" or simply "floodlights" in the lighting industry, we typically refer to outdoor fixtures that are specifically designed to withstand weather conditions. These outdoor floodlights are built to provide various types of lighting such as area lighting, ambient lighting, accent lighting, or task lighting for a wide range of applications. Traditionally, floodlights were associated with illuminating large outdoor areas with a wide spread of light, hence the term "flood." However, modern floodlights have evolved to include luminaires that produce a narrow beam of light, often used for spotlighting or long throw lighting applications. This means that floodlights are not limited to just wide illumination but can also offer focused and directional lighting. LED floodlights significantly outperform conventional floodlighting solutions like HID floodlights across multiple dimensions. They represent a more sustainable, economical, and reliable option for outdoor and industrial lighting applications.

The versatility and technical capabilities of LED floodlights and spotlights enable precise and flexible lighting solutions, essential for both functional and aesthetic applications. These LED lights come in a variety of beam patterns, from narrow spotlights to wide floodlights, allowing them to be tailored to specific lighting needs. LED floodlights and spotlights are designed with adjustable optics that can be aimed and focused after installation. This aiming capability allows for precise direction of the light, ensuring that it illuminates specific areas or features effectively without wasteful spillover. This is particularly important for highlighting architectural details or landscape features, or for ensuring that light reaches difficult or irregularly shaped areas. LED floodlights and spotlights can be mounted in various ways — on poles, walls, the ground, or other structures — and can often be adjusted post-installation. This flexibility in mounting makes it easier to adapt the lighting as the environment or the needs of the space change. The combination of adjustable beam patterns, lumen outputs, and mounting options means that LED lighting systems can be fine-tuned in situ. After an initial installation, adjustments can be made to optimize the lighting setup, a process often referred to as "trial and adjustment." This iterative process allows designers and engineers to refine the photometric performance of the lighting to meet specific requirements or to achieve desired aesthetic effects. With their powerful output and directional capabilities, LED floodlights and spotlights can effectively illuminate exterior spaces and outdoor facilities, extending their usability into the night. This makes it possible for activities that typically take place during the day, such as sports or social gatherings, to continue safely after dark.

LED floodlights are incredibly versatile and effective lighting solutions that find applications across a wide range of settings due to their numerous advantages. These lights are commonly used for outdoor lighting applications such as illuminating parking lots, stadiums, sports fields, and outdoor events. Their ability to provide broad coverage and high-intensity light makes them ideal for ensuring safety and visibility in large outdoor spaces. LED floodlights are also utilized to highlight architectural features of buildings, monuments, and landmarks. Their adjustable beam angles and precise lighting control allow architects and designers to accentuate the aesthetic elements of structures, creating visually stunning nighttime landscapes. In landscaping, LED floodlights are used to highlight trees, shrubs, gardens, pathways, and water features, adding depth and dimension to outdoor spaces. The ability to adjust the direction and intensity of light enables landscape designers to create different moods and atmospheres, enhancing the overall ambiance of gardens and outdoor living areas. LED floodlights are designed to emit a wide beam of light, making them ideal for illuminating large outdoor areas such as parking lots, public squares, and industrial yards. Their ability to provide uniform illumination over expansive spaces ensures optimal visibility and safety for pedestrians and vehicles alike. LED floodlights are versatile and effective solutions for sports lighting applications. Whether illuminating a football field, tennis court, or basketball court, LED floodlights deliver bright, uniform light that enhances visibility for players and spectators, enabling optimal performance and enjoyment of the game. LED floodlights are frequently employed for security lighting purposes, illuminating outdoor areas around buildings, warehouses, and homes. Their bright and uniform light output helps deter intruders and provides clear visibility for surveillance cameras. LED floodlights are commonly used to illuminate signage, billboards, and advertising displays. Their high brightness and energy efficiency make them well-suited for outdoor advertising applications, ensuring that messages are visible even in low-light conditions.

The distribution of light from a floodlight is typically described in terms of beam spread, which refers to the angle at which light is emitted from the fixture, and is categorized using the NEMA beam types as a reference. The NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) luminaire classification system categorizes floodlight beams based on the distribution of flux within the beam. There are seven defined beam types in this system, each representing a different level of beam spread. Beam type 1 (Very Narrow) has a narrow spread, typically ranging from 10° to 18°. It produces a concentrated beam of light suitable for applications where precise illumination of a small area is required, such as highlighting architectural features or accent lighting. With a spread of over 18° to 29°, Beam type 2 (Narrow) offers slightly wider coverage than beam type 1 while still maintaining a focused beam. It is often used for accent lighting or highlighting specific objects or areas. Beam type 3 (Medium Narrow) has a spread of over 29° to 46°, providing broader coverage compared to narrow beams. It is suitable for general area lighting where moderate illumination over a wider area is needed. With a spread of over 46° to 70°, Beam type 4 (Medium) offers even wider coverage, making it suitable for illuminating larger areas such as parking lots, building facades, or sports fields. Beam type 5 (Medium Wide) covers a spread of over 70° to 100°, providing wide coverage ideal for general area lighting or wall washing applications. With a spread of over 100° to 130°, Beam type 6 (Wide) offers very wide coverage, making it suitable for floodlighting large areas or providing uniform illumination along pathways or driveways. Beam type 7 (Very Wide) covers a spread of over 130° and up, offering extremely wide coverage suitable for floodlighting expansive areas or providing ambient lighting in outdoor spaces.

Floodlights are available in both asymmetrical and symmetrical distributions. Symmetrical luminaires have the same horizontal and vertical beam spread and are classified with a single NEMA number (e.g., Type 3). Asymmetrical luminaires, on the other hand, have separate horizontal and vertical beam designations, with the horizontal value always given first (e.g., Type 5 x 3 or Type 5H x 3V). These standardized NEMA beam spreads allow for easy comparison and selection of floodlights based on the desired lighting distribution for specific applications.

LED floodlights are sophisticated lighting systems that require careful consideration and integration of various components to ensure optimal performance. LEDs generate heat during operation, and excessive heat can degrade their performance and lifespan. Effective thermal management is crucial to dissipate this heat and maintain the LEDs within their optimal operating temperature range. Components such as heat sinks, thermal pads, and fans are often employed to ensure efficient heat dissipation and prevent overheating. LED floodlights must deliver light precisely to the desired area with minimal wastage. Optical components such as lenses, reflectors, and diffusers are used to control the direction, spread, and intensity of light emitted by the LEDs. Proper optical design ensures uniform illumination and eliminates glare or shadows, enhancing the overall lighting quality. LED floodlights require stable and efficient electrical systems to power the LEDs reliably. This includes components such as drivers, circuit boards, and wiring to regulate the electrical current and voltage supplied to the LEDs. Proper electrical design ensures consistent performance and protects the LEDs from overcurrent or voltage spikes, extending their lifespan. LED floodlights require a reliable power supply to operate effectively. This includes components such as transformers, converters, and regulators to convert and regulate the incoming power from the electrical grid or other sources to the appropriate voltage and current required by the LEDs. A stable power supply ensures consistent light output and prevents fluctuations or flickering. LED packages and associated components must be securely housed within a robust mechanical structure to withstand environmental factors such as wind, rain, and temperature fluctuations. The housing or fixture of the floodlight provides mechanical strength and protection, ensuring the longevity and reliability of the entire system. LED floodlights are often installed in outdoor or harsh environments where they are exposed to dust, moisture, and other contaminants. Environmental protection measures such as waterproof seals, corrosion-resistant materials, and ingress protection (IP) ratings are essential to ensure the longevity and reliability of the floodlight in such conditions.

An LED floodlight can be designed as either a fully integrated system or a modular assembly, each with its own characteristics and advantages. In a fully integrated LED floodlight, there is a single light engine that contains all necessary components for operation, including LEDs, optics, thermal management, and driver circuitry. The design of other components, such as the housing, heat sink, and optics, is dedicated to serving the needs of the light engine and maximizing its performance. The integration of these components into a cohesive system is crucial to unlock the full performance potential of the LEDs and maximize the value of the luminaire for a particular application. Each component must work in harmony to create an integrated whole that delivers reliable, efficient, and high-quality lighting for the intended purpose. Fully integrated designs are commonly used in LED floodlights with lower wattage ratings, typically less than 300W. These designs offer simplicity and compactness, making them suitable for applications where space is limited or where a streamlined design is desired. A modular LED floodlight is composed of multiple LED modules, each functioning as a self-contained light engine. These modules incorporate all functional components required for operation, including LEDs, optics, thermal management, and sometimes auxiliary components like surge protection devices. However, the driver circuit, which regulates the electrical power supplied to the LEDs, is typically located externally and shared among multiple modules. Modular designs offer high flexibility in luminaire configurations, allowing designers to customize the layout and arrangement of LED modules to meet specific lighting requirements. Additionally, modular designs provide scalability, enabling the construction of LED floodlights with higher wattage ratings by simply adding more modules to the system. This scalability makes modular LED floodlights suitable for a wide range of applications, from small-scale installations to large outdoor lighting projects where higher illumination levels are required. The choice between a fully integrated or modular LED floodlight depends on factors such as wattage requirements, space constraints, and desired flexibility in luminaire configuration. Fully integrated designs offer simplicity and compactness, while modular designs provide versatility, scalability, and customization options for various lighting applications.

The design and packaging materials of LEDs used in LED floodlights play a crucial role in determining their optical, thermal, and electrical performance. While there are numerous options available, the performance of LED packages can vary significantly depending on their design and the manufacturer. One common type of LED package used in LED floodlights is the mid-power LED. These LEDs typically come in plastic leaded chip carrier (PLCC) packages and offer competitive pricing and high luminous efficacy. However, they may not be the most suitable choice for outdoor environments and high-power LED systems due to certain vulnerabilities. Mid-power LEDs achieve their high efficacy and low packaging cost by utilizing plastic materials and lead frames with high light reflectivity. This results in an initial source efficacy that appears very attractive. However, when subjected to high operating temperatures, mid-power LEDs can experience rapid lumen depreciation and color shift, primarily due to thermal degradation. Moreover, mid-power LEDs face challenges in high-drive current operation and environments with corrosive gases or prone to vibration and demanding loads. These challenges stem from their poor wire bonding reliability and the high susceptibility of the leadframe plating to corrosion. As a result, mid-power LEDs may not be well-suited for applications where reliability, longevity, and consistent performance are paramount, such as outdoor lighting where exposure to harsh environmental conditions is common. High-power LEDs represent a significant advancement in LED technology, offering superior lumen maintenance and package reliability that justify their higher packaging cost. The fundamental packaging philosophy of high-power LED packages is to provide a robust platform capable of withstanding high thermal, electrical, and environmental stresses. This robustness is achieved by eliminating thermally unstable plastic housings, corrosion-prone leadframes, and fracture-prone wire bonding commonly found in mid-power LEDs. Chip scale package (CSP) technology represents the latest innovation in LED packaging, aiming to reduce cost, size, and improve reliability and performance. CSP LEDs feature a package-free design that utilizes a flip-chip structure without the need for a submount. With thermal and electrical robustness comparable to high-power LEDs and packaging costs lower than traditional mid-power LEDs, CSP LEDs are expected to dominate the market as the technology matures. Chip-on-board (COB) LEDs have a high-density array of LED chips die-bonded onto a metal-core printed circuit board (MCPCB) or ceramic substrate. COB LEDs simplify system design by reducing the number of discrete components and can be mounted directly onto a heat sink or via a COB connector. They are preferred for accent lighting applications where a directional beam of uniformly distributed light is required.

Secondary optics play a crucial role in shaping the radiation pattern of LEDs in floodlighting systems, and they can be classified into lenses, reflectors, or combinations of both. Reflectors are typically made of aluminum or coated plastics and regulate the luminous flux from LEDs through specular reflection, semi-specular reflection, or diffuse reflection. Large reflectors enclosing the entire LED array are commonly used to produce wide beams. However, they may not be suitable for floodlights with a large light emitting surface (LES) because much of the emitted light may exit the reflector aperture without hitting the reflector surface, leading to inefficiencies. To achieve excellent uniformity ratios, LED floodlights often emit light from a large LES. In such cases, a reflector matrix consisting of discrete precision-molded reflectors is utilized to control the light distribution of each individual LED or a small array of LEDs. System-wide reflectors typically have square or rectangular exit apertures to match the luminaire form factor, while reflector matrices may have round or square exit apertures depending on light distribution requirements. In some applications, additional lenses such as convex, collimator, or micro-prismatic lenses may be incorporated into individually molded reflector cavities to improve light extraction efficiency or maximize visual comfort. Compound lenses, particularly Total Internal Reflection (TIR) optics, have gained favor in high-power LED floodlighting systems or applications where precise beam control is critical. TIR optics utilize total internal reflection to accurately control the beam and achieve uniform light distribution with high optical efficiencies. The TIR lens assembly consists of a refractive lens nested inside a reflector, combining the best optical characteristics of both a lens and a reflector. The refractive lens guides virtually every ray of light emitted by the LED and directs them to the reflector, which sends out the light in a precisely controlled beam. TIR optics are typically made from polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA or acrylic) or polycarbonate (PC). Acrylic is favored for its low manufacturing cost, high transmissivity, excellent diffusion of LED hot spots, and UV stability, although it may deform with long-term heat exposure. Polycarbonate offers superior thermal stability, ignition resistance, and optical performance but is hindered by higher costs.

LED floodlights typically utilize passive cooling mechanisms, relying on natural air circulation and ambient temperature in outdoor environments to facilitate convective heat transfer. Passive cooling is preferred due to its simplicity, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. High-performing TIMs and MCPCBs are used to ensure the lowest possible thermal resistance along the thermal path. TIMs improve the thermal contact between the LED junction and the heat sink, enhancing heat transfer efficiency. MCPCBs provide a thermally conductive substrate for mounting the LEDs, helping to dissipate heat away from the LED junctions. The heat sink is one of the most crucial components of LED thermal management systems. It serves to pull heat away from the LEDs via thermal conduction and dissipate that thermal energy into the surrounding ambient air through convection. A well-designed heat sink should have adequate thermal interface area to efficiently spread heat across its surface, sufficient thermal capacity to absorb and store heat, and sufficient surface area to facilitate efficient convective cooling. Aluminum is the most commonly used material for LED heat sinks due to its reasonably good thermal conductivity and the ability to be processed into heat sinks with optimized geometric designs. Geometry plays a critical role in the effectiveness of a heat sink. Heat sinks with maximized surface area and aerodynamic designs can dramatically improve convective cooling performance. By increasing the surface area available for heat dissipation and optimizing airflow around the heat sink, geometrically optimized designs enhance overall thermal management efficiency.

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